*** 额济纳旗, 黑水城 (西夏王朝黑水镇), 银川, 中卫, 贺兰山, 巴丹吉林沙漠 ***
Black (water) site is located in the Gobi desert about 25 kilometers southeast of the town of Cloth. Founded in Western Xia Dynasty, when the Western Xia Dynasty in here setting "Black water town YAN Jun Division". AD 1286, Kublai Khan expansion of this city, and also set up a "road house" here. Black city from east to west 470 meters, 384 meters wide from north to south, with a total area of 180,500 square meters. Though after 700 years, the black city is yet still tall and magnificent. It is north of the "Ancient Silk Road" the best preserved ruins of an ancient city, where a large number of cultural relics unearthed, including the Western Xia Dynasty, very unique "Pearl in the Palm", painted two-headed Buddha and Yuan banknotes and so forth. In 2001, it was listed as a national key cultural relics protection units, and incorporating strips from the ruins of Juyan protected areas.
黑（水）城遗址 位于达来呼布镇东南约25公里处的戈壁荒漠中。始建于西夏时期，当时西夏王朝在此设置“黑水镇燕军司”。公元1286年，元世祖忽必烈扩建此城，并设“亦 集乃路总管府”。黑城东西长470米，南北宽384米，总面积18.05万平方米。虽历经700多年，黑城仍不失当年的高大宏伟。它是“古丝绸之路”以北 保存最完整的一座古城遗址，这里出土了大量文物，其中西夏时期的《番汉合时掌中珠》、彩绘双头佛和元代纸币等举世无双。2001年被列为国家级重点文物保 护单位，并纳入居延遗址保护区。 (Oct. 2014)